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The text of the Framework Cooperation Agreement (CFA) defines the principles, rights and obligations for the cooperative management and development of water resources in the Nile basin. Instead of quantifying “equitable rights” or allocations of water use, the treaty intends to create a framework to “promote integrated management, sustainable development and harmonious use of the basin`s water resources, as well as their conservation and protection for the benefit of present and future generations”. To this end, the Treaty provides for the establishment of a permanent institutional mechanism, the Ninais Basin Commission (CBRN). The Commission would serve to promote and facilitate the implementation of the CFA and to facilitate cooperation among nile basin states in the conservation, management and development of the Nile basin and its waters. Joint decision to allow more time for a joint Nile Basin Cooperative Framework Agreement: a peaceful African spring? The treaty would create a legal basis for a permanent and common administrative institution, the River Basin Commission (CBRN), which would preserve legal personality and improve nile cooperation. CBRN will ensure that national development projects are coordinated with basin-wide development in order to optimize the use of basin resources and increase the national utility of regional cooperation. Part V describes the dispute settlement procedures that may result from the performance and application of the treaty. It also provides for the establishment of bilateral or plurilateral instruments (agreements) that would complement the CFA. . Four countries (Ethiopia, Rwanda, Tanzania and Uganda) sign the CFA opened in Entebbe, Uganda Draft negotiated agreement with full mandate. Many reservations remain (“parentheses” – alternative texts that represent different positions).

The treaty must be ratified. It will enter into force only at least 60 days after the ratification or accession of six countries to the document and deposit with the African Union. The signing of the CFA is an intermediate step by which countries demonstrate their willingness to ratify the treaty in the future; However, they are not legally obliged to ratify. The signing of the treaty obliges countries not to define acts that would undermine the objective and objective of the CFA. (Until March 2011, the CFA was signed by six countries.) As long as the treaty has not entered into force, the text can be renegotiated; If this results in changes to the text, the new document will again be subject to the two-stage signature and ratification process. The treaty has no legal value for States that do not sign or ratify it. Countries in the Nile basin that do not sign or ratify the CFA are not bound by it. Table 1: Development of the Framework Cooperation Agreement. 7 countries agree on an adjusted text; Strong reservations by Egypt and Sudan The establishment of the Nile Basin Commission is provided for in Part III of the Treaty. It would include the following institutions; the Conference of Heads of State or Government, the Council of Ministers, the Technical Advisory Committee, the Sectoral Advisory Committees and the Secretariat. CBRN would raise the rights, obligations and assets of the NBI. The possibility of establishing ancillary institutions is provided for in Part IV of the Treaty.

the first part of the text contains largely established principles of use of international water law; the principle of equitable and appropriate use, the obligation not to cause significant damage and the principle of the protection and preservation of the river ecosystem. The principles set out in Part I serve as guidance to countries in the implementation of the Treaty and in the sustainable management and development of the river`s resources. . . .