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The more ad hoc conditions provided for in the free trade agreements between the United States and Australia, Jordan, Singapore and Vietnam have limited the application of compulsory licenses to emergency situations, antitrust measures and cases of non-commercial public use. [39] The Biodiversity Agreement (CBD) is a legally binding multilateral environmental agreement, which brings together 194 parties (countries) and whose members pursue three objectives: as in the General Agreements on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) and the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), the basic principles are the starting point of the TRIPS Agreement. And, as in the other two agreements, non-discrimination is at the forefront: national treatment (treatment of foreigners no less favourable than its own nationals) and most-favoured-nation treatment (no discrimination against nationals of trading partners). Inf├Ątisation is also a key principle in other intellectual property agreements outside the WTO. Despite this recognition, less developed countries have argued that flexible TRIPS provisions, such as compulsory licensing, are almost impossible to exercise. . . .